Definition: Mini-election, in which you can become a party’s nominee
Primary vs. Caucus
Primary: private voting all day long
Caucus: public voting at a specific time
Who can vote?
- Closed Primary: Only registered party members can vote
- Semi-closed Primary: Registered party members and independent can vote, but independent have to decide in which primary they want to vote in
- Open Primary: any citizen can pick a primary to vote in
Who gets to vote when?
Primaries are between January and July in the year of the election
- Iowa is the first caucus
- New Hampshire is the first primary
- Super Tuesday: many states have their primaries on the same day
Votes that are not votes
The electorate does not vote for the candidate directly
- Delegates meet at the National Convention, where they can vote for the party’s nominee
Super delegates: party establishment e.g. high party officials, ex-President, who can vote for whoever they want.